Unlike pediatrics and internal medicine, Family Medicine provides health care to an individual or the entire life. Family medicine is a wide specialty that focuses on people of all ages and gender and diagnoses and treats all types of diseases. Family practices address many health concerns of all the family members of an individual. They not only diagnose and treat various types of diseases but also focus on improving overall mental and physical health. For most of the family members, the family medicine specialists become a priority in case there is an emergency.
The doctors practicing family medicine see children, adolescents, middle-aged individuals, elderly patients, diabetics, individuals suffering from depression and many other kinds of patients. Family medicine is a specialty that was only created in 1969 for fulfilling the various needs of people. Since its inception, the specialty has reversed the decline of general medicine and provided personal health care to people of all economic conditions. If there were no family physicians, the under served population in the US would not have access to primary care.
The family practices are extensively trained and are qualified to treat most of the ailments. After graduating from medical school, like any other medical specialists, the family practices complete three years of the residency program. In this program, the physicians get trained in multiple areas of medicine like obstetrics and gynecology, surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry and neurology and community medicine. They also learn about ophthalmology, orthopedics, urology, emergency medicine and geriatrics.
What do Family Medicine Physicians do?
Family medicine specialists deliver a wide range of chronic and acute medical care services and focus on better health outcomes among the family members.
- Various types of screening tests are taken by the family physicians that help them to diagnose the ailment and provide the treatment accordingly.
- The data is then collected, stored and evaluated to create a medical program unique to the patient.
- From time-to-time different wellness exams, routine checkups and assessments are performed on every family member for knowing the individual’s health condition.
- The family physicians also provide immunization when needed and help in the improvement of overall physical and mental health.
- The everlasting relationship between the patient and family physician helps in prevention and understanding of other illnesses.
- The physicians contain patient’s data that includes the history of previous illness, medication, treatment and various tests performed. They use this information and monitor the patient’s health during recovery.
- They even manage chronic illness and coordinate care that is provided by other specialists.
- They also provide counseling to all the family members to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Family medicine is becoming more and more common these days as they offer various benefits to the growing population. The majority of the population, both urban and rural, need affordable healthcare and family medicine is designed to address the healthcare needs of people of all ages. An established relationship between the doctors and family members will help in proper diagnosis and treatment whenever the patient becomes ill or get injured.